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Tuesday, 29 June 2021

Significant persons in the Indian legal field

Who was the first female advocate in India?

A: Cornelia Sorabji.

Who was the first Bengali, Indian or Asian to be called to the bar in England?

A: Gnanendramohan Tagore.

Who was the first practicing barrister of Indian origin in Calcutta High Court?

A: Manmohun Ghosh.

Who was the first native Indian to be appointed as judge of the Madras High Court and one of the first Indians to have a statue?

A: Sir Thiruvarur Muthuswamy Iyer.

Who was the first Governor of Bihar and Orissa, first Indian Advocate-General of Bengal and first Indian member of the British ministry?

A: Lord Satyendra Prasanna Sinha.

Which Indian lawyer was the first recipient of India's highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna?

A: Chakravarti Rajagopalachari.

Who was the first Chief Justice of India?

A: Sir Harilal Jekisundas Kania.

Who is the longest-serving Chief Justice in India?

A: Yeshwant Vishnu Chandrachud. (Nicknamed: Iron Hands)

Who was the first Chief Justice of the Calcutta High Court in India?

A: Sir George Barnes Peacock.

Who was the first woman Chief Justice of Calcutta High Court and the first female judge of the Karnataka High Court?

A: Manjula Chellur.

Who was the first female judge of the Supreme court of India and the first Muslim woman to be appointed to any of the higher judiciaries in India?

A: Fathima Beevi.

Who is the first Bengali Transwoman judge of a civil court from West Bengal, India?

A: Joyita Mondal.

Who is the first Indian judge to become a judge of a foreign country and became a Judge of Supreme Court of Fiji?

A: Justice Madan Bhimarao Lokur.

In Orissa which Indian lawyer's birthday is celebrated as the Lawyers' Day?

A: Madhusudan Das.

Name the Indian lawyer best known for defending cases of persons accused of terrorism and was defending Faheem Ansari in the 26/11 attacks case and was killed during that time.

A: Shahid Azmi.

Who was the first Indian lawyer to be appointed as Crown Prosecutor by the British Raj?

A: Vellore Lakshmanaswamy Mudaliar Ethiraj.

Which Indian lawyer was regarded as "Mother of Public Interest Litigation"?

A: Pushpa Kapila Hingorani.

Who was the first Indian woman barrister and the first Indian woman lawyer at the Bombay High Court?

A: Mithan Jamshed Lam.

Some lawyers you need to know about-
Shrikant Khandalkar,
Bindu Ammini,
Sadhan Chandra Gupta,
Indira Jaising.



Saturday, 26 June 2021

In Bengal Jury came in and went out

Small fact about Jury trial in India

Around 1861 the system of trial by jury was introduced in India and Bengal government was first to apply the system in its district of Decca, Hooghly, Burdwan, Nadiya, Patna, Murshidabad and 24 Parganas. The juries were consisted of 7 persons. Unanimous verdict have to be given by them, but in certain cases 5 against 2 was confirmed a verdict. Interestingly the last jury trial of India was also held in Bengal. Most probably State versus Prakash Ch. De & Anr. was the last jury trial where acquittal order was passed in 1973 by the trial judge. This murder case was held long after "Commander K. M. Nanavati vs. State of Maharashtra" case of 1959 which is popularly believed to be the last jury trial but it is not.



Friday, 25 June 2021

Small fact about Calcutta's earlier legal system

 Earlier Calcutta's legal system


When grandson of Aurangzeb, prince Azim-ush-Shan was the Subedar of Bengal British people was able to acquire zamindary of three adjacent villages of Calcutta, Sutanuti and Govindapur. British appointed English officer or collector who maintained a Criminal Court to administer justice to the natives. Procedure in the court was summary. Trials were held without jury. The usual methods of punishment were imposing fine, whipping, road work, banishment, imprisonment, etc. Death sentence was inflicted by whipping to death, not by hanging. Civil cases were often referred by Courts to arbitrators instead of deciding.



Monday, 21 June 2021

Law

LAW

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What do we mean by law? It is a system of rules created to govern humanity. Law is derived from the notion of good and evil. What is good? And What is Evil? Giving pleasure is Good and giving pain is Evil. It is immaterial whether giver suffers pain or pleasure doing so. 

When people started living together they had to find ways to live in harmony. Earlier codified laws were derived from religious beliefs. Clear laws were needed to settle disputes. Some disputes were settled by trial by combat or trial by ordeal. The general use of trials by ordeal was abolished under English King Henry III. Trial by combat was abolished in UK in 1819. Some Laws were bizarre. In the 9th-century Codex Lambacensis, a manuscript of church rules, involved dropping the accused into a pond, lake, or river. If he sank, he was innocent.

Laws extend to property or commerce as well. These laws are present since ancient times and steadily adapted. Sadly, human slaves were regarded as property and later laws were created to abolish slavery. 

Law is not perfect and it must be regularly refined.




A consumer litigation experience

 In one of the consumer complaint case after the District Consumer forum passed final order against the complainant the impugned order was a...