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Saturday, 26 June 2021

In Bengal Jury came in and went out

Small fact about Jury trial in India

Around 1861 the system of trial by jury was introduced in India and Bengal government was first to apply the system in its district of Decca, Hooghly, Burdwan, Nadiya, Patna, Murshidabad and 24 Parganas. The juries were consisted of 7 persons. Unanimous verdict have to be given by them, but in certain cases 5 against 2 was confirmed a verdict. Interestingly the last jury trial of India was also held in Bengal. Most probably State versus Prakash Ch. De & Anr. was the last jury trial where acquittal order was passed in 1973 by the trial judge. This murder case was held long after "Commander K. M. Nanavati vs. State of Maharashtra" case of 1959 which is popularly believed to be the last jury trial but it is not.

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