Earlier Calcutta's legal system
When grandson of Aurangzeb, prince Azim-ush-Shan was the Subedar of Bengal British people was able to acquire zamindary of three adjacent villages of Calcutta, Sutanuti and Govindapur. British appointed English officer or collector who maintained a Criminal Court to administer justice to the natives. Procedure in the court was summary. Trials were held without jury. The usual methods of punishment were imposing fine, whipping, road work, banishment, imprisonment, etc. Death sentence was inflicted by whipping to death, not by hanging. Civil cases were often referred by Courts to arbitrators instead of deciding.